Finland: Air Bases and Military Airfields

Suomi

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
Cold War Airfields, by Bert Kondruss

(H/S = Highway Strip)

Southern Part

Ruostumattomat teräsputket
EHG Edelstahl Rohrherstellung GmbH

Military airfields in Finland (45)
Alavus: Highway Strip
Forssa: Highway Strip
Halli: Air Base
Helsinki: Vantaa Airport
Helsinki: Vantaa Highway Strip
Hyvinkää: Airfield
Immola: Airfield
Ivalo: Airfield
Jämijärvi: Airfield
Järvitalo: Highway Strip
Joroinen: Airfield
Joutsa: Highway Strip
Jyväskylä: Air Base
Kajaani: Airfield
Kauhava: Airfield
Kauhava: Highway Strip
Kemi: Airfield
Kittilä: Airfield
Kuopio: Air Base
Kymi: Airfield
Lusi: Highway Strip
Mikkeli: Highway Strip
Niinisalo: Highway Strip
Nivala: Highway Strip
Nummela: Airfield
Oripää: Airfield
Oulu: Air Base
Piikajärvi: Airfield
Pirkkala: Highway Strip
Pori: Airfield
Pudasjärvi: Airfield
Pudasjärvi: Highway Strip
Räyskälä: Airfield
Rotimojoki: Highway Strip
Rovaniemi: Airfield
Rovaniemi: Highway Strip
Siikakangas: Airfield
Tampere: Pirkkala Airport
Tervo: Highway Strip
Turku: Airfield
Utti: Air Base
Varkhaus: Highway Strip
Virttaa: Highway Strip
Vuojärvi: Highway Strip
Ylläksentie: Highway Strip

Alavus: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN623940 E0233315 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 66, about 8 km northwest of Alavus.

Runways

  • 17/35: 2600 m

Installations

Parking loop at the northern end.

Forssa: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN605106 E0233118 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 2, about 5 km northwest of Forssa.

Runways

  • 14/32: 2100 m

Installations

There are parking loops at the ends.
Prepared installation for an arrestor cable?

Halli: Air Base

Kuorevesi, Hallin lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN615122 E0244711 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 470 ft
Location indicatorEFHA

Usage during the Cold War

Air base.

In the 1960s

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 312 "HAL", 081°/3.6 NM to field

In the 1970s

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 312 "HAL", 081°/3.6 NM to field

Radar

ASR

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 08/26: 2500 m x 60 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 312 "HAL", 081°/3.6 NM to field

Radar

ASR

Today

Usage

Military airfield with civil use.

Helsinki: Vantaa Airport

Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN601912 E0245720 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFHK

Usage during the Cold War

Helsinki airport. The Finnish Air Force had a QRA site at the field.

Use today

Helsinki airport. In times of crisis, also used as operational base by the Finnish Air Force, like in 2014.

Helsinki: Vantaa Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN601936 E0245512 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip was located immediately at the northwestern side of the Helsinki Vantaa airport, on road Katriinantie / Katrinevägen.

Current usage

Closed.

Runways

  • 02/20: 1500 m

Taxiways, aprons

On the southwest end was a taxiway to Vantaa airport.

Hyvinkää: Airfield

Hyvinge, Hyvinkään lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN603916 E0245252 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 430 ft
Location indicatorEFHV

In the 1960s

Usage

Airfield of the Finnish Air Force.

Runways

  • : 1400 m x Gravel

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 396 "HYV", 036°/7.6 NM to field

Immola: Airfield

Immolan lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN611459 E0285412 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 329 ft
Location indicatorEFIM

In the 1960s

Usage

Airfield operated by the Finnish Air Force.

Runways

  • : 1585 m Gravel

Ivalo: Airfield

Ivalon lentoasema, Avvila girdingieddi

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN683626 E0272418 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFIV

Usage

Civilian airport with QRA loops / lanes at the runway and individual hardstands.

Jämijärvi: Airfield

Jämijärven lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN614644 E0224250 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFJM

In the 1960s

Usage

Airfield operated by the Finnish Air Force.

Runways

  • : 1005 m Gravel

Järvitalo: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN642847 E0255723 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 822, about 10 km southeast of Kärsämä.

Runways

  • 12/30: 2500 m

Joroinen: Airfield

Varkauden lentoasema, Varkaus Airport

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN621024 E0275157 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFVR

Usage

Airfield with QRA site and taxiway to the highway.

Joutsa: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN614611 E0260606 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 4 at the northern limits of Joutsa.

Runways

  • 17/35: 2500 m

Jyväskylä: Air Base

Jyvaskyla, Luonetjärvi, Tikkakoski, Jyväskylän lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN622358 E0254043 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFJY

In the 1960s

Runways

  • : ca. 2000 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 362, later 296 "JYV", 309°/4.4 NM to field
  • VOR TIKKA: 115.2 "TIK", at field
  • ILS 31: 110.9 "JY"

In the 1970s

Runways

  • : ca. 2600 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 296 "JYV", 309°/4.4 NM to field
  • VOR TIKKA: 115.2 "TIK", at field
  • ILS 31: 110.9 "JY"

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 13/31: 2600 m x 60 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 296 "JYV", 308°/4.1 NM to field
  • VOR TIKKA: 115.2 "TIK", at field
  • ILS 31: 110.9 "JY"

Radar

ASR, PAR

Kajaani: Airfield

Kajaanin lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN641708 E0274134 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFKI

Location of airfield

About 7 km north-northwest of Kajaani.

Usage

Civil airfield with QRA lanes.

Kauhava: Airfield

Kauhavan lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN630737 E0230306 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 141 ft
Location indicatorEFKA

Location of airfield

The airfield is located about 2 km north of Kauhava.

In the 1960s

Runways

  • : 2400 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 393, later 345 "KAU", 174°/6.0 NM to field

In the 1970s

Runways

  • : ca. 1980 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 345 "KAU", 174°/6.0 NM to field

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 17/35: 2000 m x 60 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 345 "KAU", 174°/3.8 NM to field

Radar

ASR, PAR

Kauhava: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN630854 E0230608 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 63 about 3 km northeast of Kauhava airfield.

Runways

  • 04/22: 1500 m

Installations

There is a QRA site at each end, in the southwest and northeast.

Kemi: Airfield

Tornio, Kemi-Tornion lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN654654 E0243455 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 62 ft
Location indicatorEFKE

Location

About 4 km north of Kemi.

Usage

Civil airfield with QRA site.

Kittilä: Airfield

Kittilän lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN674202 E0245050 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 645 ft
Location indicatorEFKT

Location of airfield

5 km northwest of Kittilä.

Usage

Civil airport with multiple QRA sites.

Kuopio: Air Base

Rissala

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN630026 E0274752 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFKU

Location of airfield

13 km northeast of Kuopio.

Usage

Finnish Air Force base.

In the 1960s

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 310 "KUO", 331°/3.6 NM to field

In the 1970s

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 310 "KUO", 331°/3.6 NM to field
  • VOR: 113.8 "KUO", at field
  • ILS 33: 110.3 "KU"

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 06/24: 1500 m x 45 m Asphalt
  • 15/33: 2800 m x 60 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 310 "KUR", 330°/4.8 NM to field
  • VORDME: 113.8 "KUO", at field
  • ILS 33: 110.3 "KU"

Radar

ASR, PAR

Installations

Underground shelter?

Kymi: Airfield

Kotka, Kymin lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN603428 E0265340 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 223 ft
Location indicatorEFKY

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : 1500 m Gravel

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 368 "KYM", 324°/1.2 NM to field

In the 1970s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : ca. 1370 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 368 "KYM", 324°/1.2 NM to field

Airfields in the vicinity

Lusi: Highway Strip

Heinola, Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN611840 E0260657 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on highway 5, about 12 km northeast of Heinola.

Runways

  • 06/24: 2500 m

Installations

QRA loop at the northeastern end.

Mikkeli: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN614549 E0271857 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 72, about 8 km northeast of Mikkeli.

Runways

  • 17/35: 2500 m

Niinisalo: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN615142 E0223012 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 23, about 1 km north of Niinsalo.

Runways

  • 05/23: 3500 m

Nivala: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN635340 E0250158 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 28, about 4 km southeast of Nivala.

Runways

  • 12/30: 2600 m

Nummela: Airfield

Nummelan lentokeskus

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN601958 E0241733 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFNU

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : 1700 m Gravel

Today

Usage

General aviation.

Oripää: Airfield

Oripaa, Oripään lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN605228 E0224442 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFOP

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : 945 m Gravel

Oulu: Air Base

Oulun lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN645546 E0252125 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFOU

Piikajärvi: Airfield

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN611444 E0221136 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFPI

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : 1645 m Sand

Pirkkala: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN612455 E0233803 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 3003, about 10 km southwest of Tampere, immediately east of Tampere-Pirkkala airport.

Runways

  • 18/36: 1500 m

Installations

Taxiway to the airfield.

Pori: Airfield

Bjorneborg, Porin lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN612744 E0214756 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 44 ft
Location indicatorEFPO

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base.

Runways

  • : ca. 1800 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 341 "POR", 123°/4.0 NM to field
  • ILS: 109.1 "POR"

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1970s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base and airport.

Runways

  • : ca. 1980 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 341 "POR", 123°/4.0 NM to field
  • ILS: 109.1 "POR"

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1980s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base and airport.

Runways

  • 12/30: 2000 m x 60 m Asphalt
  • 17/35: 1500 m x 42 m Bitumen / Macadam

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 341 "POR", 122°/4 NM to field
  • ILS 30: 109.1 "PO"

Radar

ASR

Today

Usage

Airport.

Pudasjärvi: Airfield

Pudasjarvi, Pudasjärven lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN652408 E0265708 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFPU

Location of airfield

About 5 km north of Pudasjärvi.

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

In the 1960s

Runways

  • : 1200 m Gravel

Pudasjärvi: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN652433 E0265335 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 78, about 6 km northwest of Pudasjärvi, immediately west of the airfield.

Runways

  • 14/32: 1500 m

Räyskälä: Airfield

Rayskala, Räyskälän lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN604438 E0240636 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFRY

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : ca. 1670 m Gravel

Rotimojoki: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN635222 E0264839 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 88, about 8 km northwest of Salahmi.

Runways

  • 14/32: 3000 m

Installations

There are two parking loops: one 600 m away from the southern end and one 1,5 km from the northern end.

Rovaniemi: Airfield

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN663355 E0254951 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFRO

In the 1970s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base and airport.

Runways

  • : 2500 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 416 "ROV", 212°/3.8 NM to field
  • VOR: 112.9 "ROV", at field
  • ILS 21: 109.1 "RO"

Radar

ASR, PAR

In the 1980s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base and airport.

Runways

  • 03/21: 3000 m x 60 m Asphalt
  • 12/30: 970 m x 60 m Gravel

Radio beacons

  • NDB TORAMO: 266 "TOR", 212°/4.73 NM to field
  • VORDME: 112.9 "ROV", at field
  • ILS 21: 109.1 "RO"

Radar

ASR, PAR

Rovaniemi: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN663411 E0254750 (WGS84) Google Maps
Road 9523 west of the airport. Readiness areas in the north and south. Connection to the airport available.

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 9523, immediately west of Rovaniemi air base.

Runways

  • 01/19: 1600 m

Installations

Taxiway to the airfield.

Siikakangas: Airfield

Siikakankaan lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN615049 E0241136 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

About 7 km southeast of Jäminkipohja.

In the 1960s

Usage

Finnish Air Force airfield.

Runways

  • : ca. 1980 m Sand

Today

Usage

Closed.

Tampere: Pirkkala Airport

Tampere-Pirkkalan lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN612450 E0233613 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 303 ft
Location indicatorEFTP

In the 1970s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base and airport.

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 328 "TAM", 088°/3.9 NM to field
  • VOR: 112.4 "TAM", at field

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 06/24: 2700 m x 45 m

Radio beacons

  • NDB Suinu: 326 "SUI", 240°/13.5 NM to field
  • VORDME: 114.8 "TMP", at field
  • ILS 24: 109.7 "TP"

Tervo: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN625643 E0264908 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 551, about 2 km southeast of Tervo.

Runways

  • 13/31: 3000 m

Turku: Airfield

Turun lentoasema

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN603051 E0221545 (WGS84) Google Maps
Elevation 161 ft
Location indicatorEFTU

Usage

Airport with QRA site.

Utti: Air Base

Utin lentokenttä

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN605347 E0265618 (WGS84) Google Maps
Location indicatorEFUT

In the 1960s

Runways

  • : ca. 2050 m Gravel

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 316 "UTI", 252°/4.6 NM to field

In the 1970s

Usage

Finnish Air Force base.

Runways

  • : ca. 2000 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 316 "UTI", 252°/4.6 NM to field

In the 1980s

Runways

  • 01/19: 1500 m x 45 m Gravel
  • 07/25: 2000 m x 30 m Asphalt

Radio beacons

  • NDB: 318 "UTI", 253°/4.4 NM to field

Radar

ASR, PAR

Varkhaus: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN621236 E0275216 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location

The highway strip is located about 10 km south of Varkhaus.

Runways

  • 03/21: 2300 m

Virttaa: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN605803 E0224104 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 41 about 2 km north-northeast of Virttaa.

Runways

  • 18/36: 3000 m

Installations

Parking loop at each side.
In the south prepared installation for an arrestor cable?

Vuojärvi: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN670407 E0263218 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located about 3 km southwest of Vuojärvi.

Runways

  • 05/23: 2500 m

Installations

There are QRA areas are at each end.

Ylläksentie: Highway Strip

Lentokoneiden varalaskupaikka

For historical information only, do not use for navigation or aviation purposes!
CoordinatesN673716 E0243507 (WGS84) Google Maps

Location of airfield

The highway strip is located on road 80 about 14 km west-southwest of Kittilä.

Runways

  • 01/19: 2500 m

Installations

There is a hardstand at each end.

Airfields in the vicinity

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